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Opioids are either are derived from the opium poppy or produced from chemicals to provide or intensify the effects of natural opium. There are many different opioids, including morphine, heroin and codeine. They can be manufactured in regulated labs and used for medical treatment in and outside of hospitals, but they can also be made in illicit labs by people with varying degrees of competence.


The list below provides the references to the research studies discussed in Learn About Opioids.

Health is a state of total well-being—physical, mental and social—helping us both survive and…

Opioids are psychoactive (mind-altering) drugs that alter our perceptions of pain and slow down our…

Marilou Gagnon, RN, PhD Visions Journal, 2019, 14 (4), p. 32 On Friday [September 7, 2018], BC Supreme Court Justice Ward Branch granted Read more

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