Reduce your risk of lung problems, mental health problems and legal issues.
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You and safer cannabis use
While using cannabis may be safer than using some other drugs, there are things about using cannabis that can be harmful. Here are some things you can do to reduce your risk of harms and bad experiences.
Be clear about why you want to use
Is it going to help you in some way or make things worse?
Be sure you trust your source
Cannabis for adult personal use is now legal in Canada. Legal cannabis products are tested for quality in BC, and thus safer to use than cannabis you may get from your dealer or a friend. Avoid using cannabis if contaminants like mold or mildew are visible.
Try a small amount first
Some strains of cannabis may have higher THC content and may have a stronger effect than you were expecting. If you know it’s a stronger strain, you can use less and avoid unnecessary smoke and toxins in your lungs.
Possessing up to 30 grams of cannabis for your own use is legal in Canada. Cannabis is regulated by the province of BC. You must be 19 or over to purchase, possess or use cannabis or cannabis products. Be sure you know where and when it is safe to use.
Avoid cannabis smoke if possible
Cannabis smoke contains tar and toxins. The safest choice is to use a vaporizer—it delivers the THC in mist form instead of smoke. But they cost a lot of money—$100-$700. The second best choice is to smoke it in the form of a joint.
Prevent burns on your lips or fingers
Use a small piece of rolled unbleached cardboard as a filter. Avoid using cigarette filters—they remove 60% of the THC but leave the toxins.
Take shallow puffs, not deep inhalations
About 95% of the THC in the smoke is absorbed in the first few seconds so you don’t need to puff hard or hold your breath.
Leave tobacco out of the mix
Tobacco contains many cancer-causing toxins, so it’s safer to smoke cannabis by itself.
Indicas are more relaxing and can help control nausea, improve appetite and help with sleep.
Sativas can lighten your mood, improve your appetite and make you laugh and talk.
Stay away from the steering wheel
Cannabis can impair your motor coordination, judgment and other skills related to safe driving. It’s safest to wait three to four hours after using cannabis before driving or operating machinery.
Take your time
It can be hard to find the right dose when eating cannabis cookies or drinking cannabis tea. You may get much higher for much longer than you wanted to. To prevent this, use a small amount and wait at least one hour to feel the effects before using more.
Using regularly at an early age
Human brains are not fully developed until early adulthood.
Using cannabis daily or almost daily
Regular habitual use can lead to dependence, meaning you feel you need to use it just to feel normal.
Using cannabis as your main way of having fun or coping with stress
There are healthier ways to enjoy yourself or deal with negative moods.
Using cannabis with alcohol
The effects of cannabis are intensified and may last longer than expected or wanted if you drink alcohol or use other drugs at the same time.
Using cannabis when you are at risk of a mental health problem
Cannabis use may increase the risk of psychotic symptoms for those with a pre-existing vulnerability to psychosis. And, it may worsen the symptoms of psychotic disorders.
Did you know?
Water bongs are not as safe as joints
Some pipes and bongs give off toxic fumes
If using a bong, avoid those with a plastic bottle, rubber hose or aluminum cone. If using a pipe, make sure it’s made of glass, stainless steel or brass (avoid wood and plastic).
Alcohol and Drug Information and Referral Service:
604-660-9382 (Greater Vancouver)
For more information on cannabis regulation in BC:
About the author
The Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research, formerly CARBC, is a member of the BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions Information. The institute is dedicated to the study of substance use in support of community-wide efforts aimed at providing all people with access to healthier lives, whether using substances or not. For more, visit www.cisur.ca.